Changes in Geomagnetic Field Direction resulting from Corona Mass Ejection
Recorded at Marjan Research, Mountain View, California
Copyright © J-N Aubrun, 2003
On October 28,2003 at 3:00 am PST, a strong CME departed from the sun at an estimated speed of about 2125 Km/s (~5 million miles /hour). Time of travel to Earth was estimated at 19.63 Hours.
Typical variations in the magnetic field direction during a day are of 200 to 400 arcsecs (1 to 2 mrads ) (Figure 1). This CME induced variations up to 7 mrads which are seen for 30 hours after initial impact (Figures 2 to 5). Short period (~2 minutes) and longer period oscillations can be observed during this time.
Figure 1: Typical geomagnetic field variation
Figure 2: Beginning of the CME impact and effect on geomagnetic field
Figure 3: Strong oscillations are created as more particles enter the field
Figure 4: Oscillations continue to occur and slowly damp out
Figure 5: Field returning to almost normal after 29 hours
The magnetic deviation data obtained in Mountain View, CA
is very similar to that published by the Fresno, CA Magnetic Observatory
(http://geomag.usgs.gov/obs_data.html) as seen in Figure 6 .
Figure 6: Comparison with Fresno Magnetic Observatory Data (bottom)